Saturday, September 29, 2007

Comrade Jagjit Singh Sohal (Sharma)

Comrade Jagjit Singh Sohal, commonly known as Comrade Sharma, was the only co-opted Central Committee member in the CPI (M-L). He was from Ropar district of Punjab. Due the martyrdom of comrades Daya Singh and Bhuja Singh, he became the PCS (Provincial Committee Secretary) of Punjab and was co-opted to the Central Committee. He was a staunch follower of Charu Majumdar, and played an active role in reforming the pro-CM Central Committee after 1972. Later he criticized the CPI (M-L)’s line of annihilation. In 1978, he was instrumental in forming the COC, CPI (M-L) with comrades Suniti Ghosh and Kondapally Seetharamayya.

Comrade Suniti Ghosh

A former lecturer in English in Vidyasagar College (Calcutta), Comrade Ghosh was known to have always taken leftist position in his political views. Prior to the Naxalbari upsurge, he was an important organizer of the lecturer’s cell of the CPI (M). His all round political activity started after the Naxalbari upsurge in 1967. He joined the CPI (M-L) in 1969 and was elected to the central committee in 1970. Comrade Ghosh was the Editor of the CPI (M-L) central organ – Liberation, and became its Editor-in-Chief in 1971. He was also given the responsibility of Deshabrati, the Bengali journal of the party, when Comrade Saroj Dutta died martyr on 5th August, 1971. After comrade Charu Majumdar’s demise, Comrade Ghosh wrote a self critical review under the pen name Prabhat Jana, that was published in Frontier, a reputed English political weekly. In 1978, he and comrade Sharma (Jagjit Singh Sohal) formed the COC, CPI (M-L), that upheld the line of Comrade Charu Majumdar, but at the same time, criticized some his formulations like – annihilation, authority, etc. Nowadays he keeps himself busy in writing important articles. His books, The Indian Big Bourgeoisie and India and the Raj (two volumes) are considered as rare contributions in the field of Indian Economics and Political Studies.

Comrade R.P. Saraf (Reproduced and edited from wikipedia)

Comrade R.P. Saraf was a leader in the early years of Communist Party of India (Marxist-Leninist). In Kashmir the entire CPI (M) organization had gone with CPI (ML). At the CPI (ML) party congress in 1970 Saraf was elected to the Central Committee. Two former Members of the Legislative Assembly of Jammu and Kashmir, Kristhan Dev Sethi and Abdul Kabir Wani, joined Saraf's group. The formerly CPI (M) local organ Jammu Sandesh became the regional CPI (ML) publication.
Comrade Saraf later formed his own splinter-group, the International Democratic Party.

Comrade Adibathla Kailasam (Reproduced and edited from wikipedia)

Comrade Adibathla Kailasam was an important naxalite leader from Andhra Pradesh. He was one of the original organisers of the Srikakulam armed struggle, that became as famous as ‘Yenan’.
Comrade Kailasam came from a landlord family in Srikakulam. He joined the Communist Party of India (Marxist-Leninist) and was elected to its central committee at the party congress in 1970. In July the same year, he was killed by the police.

Comrade M. Appalasuri (Reproduced and edited from wikipedia)

M. Appalasuri was one the leaders of the tribal uprising in Srikakulam. When the Andhra Pradesh Committee of Communist Revolutionaries was expelled from the All India Coordination Committee of Communist Revolutionaries in 1968, Appalasuri remained with the AICCCR led by Charu Majumdar. In 1969, Appalasuri was one of four Central Committee members of the new Communist Party of India (Marxist-Leninist) from Andhra Pradesh.
Appalasuri became a leading figure in the Central Organising Committee, Communist Party of India (Marxist-Leninist), which was formed in 1972 by some elements of the erstwhile CPI (ML). The COC, CPI (ML) upheld the legacy of Charu Majumdar but was ready to retain a critical attitude to some aspects of Majumdar's role. In August 1974, Appalasuri became one of three members of the Andhra Pradesh State Committee of COC, CPI (ML). Appalasuri represented coastal Andhra Pradesh in the committee. The COC, CPI (ML) would also be torn apart by internal strife. In 1982 Appalasuri's COC, CPI (ML) faction merged with Bhowani Roy Chowdhury's West Bengal-based group, forming the Communist Party of India (Marxist-Leninist) Party Unity.

Comrade Nagbhushan Patnaik

The very name, Nagbhushan Patnaik symbolizes the revolutionary spirit of the Naxalbari and the Srikakulam armed struggle. A senior politburo member of the undivided CPI (M-L), Comrade Patnaik was sentenced to death in connection with five murder cases. Later it was commuted to life sentence.
After the disintegration of the original CPI (M-L), Comrade Nagbhushan criticized the central line of the CPI (M-L). He was one of the signatories of the famous ‘Jail Letter’, that was based on Chou En-lai’s 11 Point Suggestions.
In his later years, comrade Patnaik joined the Liberation faction, and became one of its polit bureau members. He advocated the utilization of the parliamentary rostrum in a Leninist fashion in direct contrast to the boycottist nature of the undivided CPI (M-L).
On 9th October, 1998, Comrade Patnaik died at a private hospital in Chennai due to renal failure.

Comrade Vempatappu Satyanaryana

A school teacher by profession, Comrade Vempatapu Satyanarayana (Satyam), joined the CPI (M-L) through the AICCCR. He became a member of the Central Organising Committee of the Party in 1969. Later, he joined the new central committee that was elected in the first (eighth) party congress. But in the same year comrade Satyam achieved an untimely martyrdom. It is a common belief among the Naxalist ranks, that he was killed in a fake encounter in Srikakulam. He was also the Secretary of the Srikakulam District Committee of the party. His small booklet on Srikakulam Peasant Upsurge is an important document for understanding the nature of naxalist influence in the early phases of 1969 and 1970. Comrade Satyam is a highly respected figure, not only in Andhra Pradesh, but in whole India.